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Time is such a component of the universe that has a great influence on the lives of human beings. Today it is very difficult to do any work without calculating the time. We get up, eat, drink, sleep, work, etc., all at a fixed time.

In the olden times when there was no way to calculate the time, our ancestors used to estimate the time from the sun. But on cloudy days and nights it was difficult to find the time.

Therefore, to calculate the time, we needed a device that would tell us the exact time. In common language, this instrument is called clock. Today every person has a watch in some form or the other, whether it is an electronic watch or any other.

Today in every house you will definitely find a clock hanging on the wall. The clock keeps our routine in a sequence. We do our work by looking at the time in the clock. Especially in today’s era, people definitely look at the clock every 10 minutes.

So now the biggest question has arisen in our mind that who invented the clock? Before knowing the answer to this question, we have to understand the clock well.

What is clock?

ghadi ka avishkar kisne kiya

A clock is a device that calculates time. Today’s watches are made of metals. But in olden times it was of many types. In which the sun clock and water clock were prominent. They have undergone many changes over time.

Today’s clocks are completely electronic. Because of this, the time is calculated in a proper way. The clock which is tied on the hand has three hands. Which is attached to the round gear present inside the watch.

One hand in the clock tells about the second, the second minute and the third hour. The second hand makes one complete revolution in 1 minute and the minute hand takes one hour. In addition, the hour hand makes one complete revolution in 24 hours.

History of timing devices

Detection of time by means of mechanical or other means developed in ancient Egypt, Sumer and ancient Mesopotamia about 5500 years ago. These places are considered to be the birthplace of today’s modern civilization.

At that time, the residents here had the art of making different types of sun clocks, sand clocks and water clocks. They had a thousand-year tradition of making tools, which made their tools highly effective.

The knowledge of making various types of tools soon spread to the Mediterranean region. The Greek, Roman and Persian empires carried this knowledge very quickly. Due to which their progress was greatly benefited and they started coming in the category of wealthy.

Before the 15th and 16th centuries, that is, before the invention of modern instruments, time was measured with candle clocks, incense clocks, oil-lamp clocks, simple gear clocks and astronomical clocks.

The incense clock (sun clock) first came into existence in ancient Egypt around 4000 BC. The oldest solar clock known to date dates back to 3500 BC.

The Sun was the main deity of the people of this civilization, due to which great attention was paid to the measurement of shadows. So that the sun god does not get angry with them.

To measure time easily, the Egyptians divided the time of day into 10 equal parts. In which 4 additional parts were fixed for the time of sunrise and sunset. The series of marks made on the ground enabled the Egyptians to measure time easily.

Plus they were even able to know what season of the year they were in. But the solarium was absolutely ineffective when the sky was cloudy or at night. To overcome this problem new methods of measuring time were invented.

The ancient Greeks and Romans then focused more on developing water clocks. They achieved much greater accuracy than their early art by 325 BC. Now they were able to make new equipment very well.

These people started to calculate the time by the flow of water in the water clock. This clock enabled him to easily measure time and use it as an alarm clock (the first water-based alarm clock was made by Plato).

But despite the many developments in this area, the solarium remained popular throughout the lives of the Greeks and Romans. The largest sundial of antiquity was built by Emperor Augustus in 10 BC.

It used red obelisk granite from Montesitorio, 30 meters high. Which was imported from Rome in ancient Egypt. Because at that time this stone was found there.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, water clocks continued to be improved in Persia and China. The most famous and most complex water clock of the time was made in 1206 by the Muslim engineer Al-Jajri.

By the 6th century China had begun to use candle and incense clocks, which gradually spread to the West. The technology reached the Middle East and Europe in the 13th century.

But at that time China started making astronomical clocks. Su Song, a Chinese man, made the first water-powered astronomical clock.

Over time, trade by ship began to expand in Europe. Due to which the increasing number of sailings in the open sea gave rise to the need for reliable and accurate time measuring instruments. The sundial designed in Persia began to be used on every ship.

The reliable and accurate sundial became a very popular clock not only at sea, but in industry, church, cooking, and other works from the 15th century onwards. The sundial located at Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is an example of this.

By the 16th century, mechanical equipment now developed in industrial laboratories. Due to which time measuring devices based on pendulums and springs came into existence. These instruments created a new means of reliable and accurate time measurement.

As the centuries passed, their designs became more advanced. Their structure and size became smaller. By the 19th century mechanical pockets, tables and wall clocks became common throughout the world. Today digital devices are found in every corner of our world.

history of the modern clock

The history of timing devices is replete with many examples of popular designs. Which enabled people to measure time. But watches have managed to change our civilization in a big way.

All clocks made in the beginning were mechanical, table and wall clocks. These watches took a lot of time to make, besides they were also very expensive. Also it was ineffective in telling the exact time. Because of this many changes were made to them.

After the existence of small watches, people started buying them very fast. Due to its small size, it could be carried anywhere.

Their growth attracted the attention of engineers, scientists, manufacturers and fashion designers. Due to which there has been continuous development and change in them.

Such popularity inspired the inventors. Ways to make it smaller and cheaper started emerging in his mind. Because small, reliable, easy to produce and cheap equipment has always been dominated by people.

The first portable watch was first made in Europe. During the 16th century, engineers and manufacturers acquired the ability to make small watches and instruments.

Their purpose was that people could take it with them anywhere. But early models were very heavy in weight, making them difficult to carry in a pocket or wrist.

Hence portable watches made in the beginning were worn on the neck. Moreover, they did not have the accuracy to calculate the time. Also the armor of these watches was not so strong. Due to which it used to break easily.

This necessitated the need for improvements to these neck or hanging watches. For this, many inventors found a way to improve them by setting them on the drawing board. This initiative gave rise to small watches.

These watches used glass protection, lightweight frames, small gears and key screws. After the introduction of these small watches in the market, pendant watches soon became obsolete and the fashion of these watches started.

This time was in 1675, when N.N. Charles II introduced the waistcoat—the small pocket watch. The watch was attached to the suit with a small chain.

This fashion soon spread throughout Europe and North America. Where pocket watches were used as men’s expensive luxury items and pendant watches were used as women’s items.

Pocket watches had reached a much larger population by the middle of the 18th century. When the popular lever escapement enabled watch makers to produce inexpensive and very accurate watches. The lever escaping is a round-shaped gear mounted on the watch.

The rise of the rail network in the 19th century led to the need for global standardization of time and the expansion of clocks. Especially after some train accidents that could have been avoided had the train personnel known the exact time.

The initiative to standardize train times in the United States finally took place in 1893, which was responsible for the large expansion of precision clocks around the world.

But fashion changed again during World War I, when pocket watches competed with smaller, extremely portable and easy-to-use wristwatches.

With advanced technologies of automatic winding and smaller designs, wristwatches very quickly became the most popular type of watches in the world. Decades of inventions enabled us to make electronic clocks of many designs.

Wrist watches are very popular even in modern times. Pendant watches (hanging) are very rare and pocket watches only returned to fashion within a short period of time. When the three-piece suit was popular in the late 1970s and 1980s.

Invention of watch

After centuries of evolution, modern human civilization finally mastered precision watchmaking with the help of mechanical and industrial knowledge. The old people used the motion of celestial bodies and the flow of water to calculate time.

Although the techniques made by him may have been forgotten today, but still, it was due to his inspiration that the invention of modern clocks was possible. Such as the exquisite water clock made by Soo Sung in 1092 was forgotten over time.

Even though the pages of history have forgotten about many watch makers and inventors before them. But the modern scientific community recognizes that Peter Heinlein, a native of Nuremberg, Germany, is the father of the modern watch and the originator of the entire watch industry. This is how the clock was invented by Peter Heinlein.

Peter Heinlein was born in 1485 and little is known about his early life. He was most likely famous as a repairman and locksmith. Information about him in history books begins on September 7, 1504, when he was embroiled in a dispute.

His locksmith friend and partner George Glaser was killed in this dispute. Peter immediately went to the local Franciscan monastery where he found protection. Four years later he returned to Nuremberg, where he began his same work.

Shortly after which he became one of the well-known locksmiths. He was particularly praised for his ability to make small spring-powered brass watches, which were very rare and expensive at the time.

Following such popularity, he was approached by designers from local and far away. They wanted Peter to design a more beautiful and smaller clock for them. Older evidence suggests that the first clock was made by Peter Heinlein in 1510.

By 1541, he was well recognized for his craft and art. Peter was able to make not only small clocks but also large tower clocks for Lichtenau palace. He now started getting the job of making big clocks in big buildings.

Although the designs made by him were not particularly accurate. Nevertheless, the clocks he made soon became popular in European scientific circles and among the European population.

Today Peter Heinlein is known as the father of modern clocks, who designed small clock designs. Knowing that his invention would live on forever, he died in 1547.

Final Words:

So friends, this was who invented the watch, in this post we have tried our best to give you complete information about the watch and we hope that you must have liked this information.

Friends, if you like this post, then please do 1 like it and also share it with your friends so that more and more people can get the right information about the invention of the watch, thank you.





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